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Clément Klutse

Le rôle de la Diaspora comme levier de développement en Afrique

THE SEARCH OF HAPPINESS AND ECONOMIC POLICY: THE NEED FOR ENDOGENEOUS DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA

The disillusioned African youth must understand that from now on, far from the politics of social media and networks, they must become much more actively involved in politics because in the end those who hold power today will not willingly give up on it. On this point, we need the emergence of a new African political youth to change the continent.

The disillusioned African youth must understand that from now on, far from the politics of social media and networks, they must become much more actively involved in politics because in the end those who hold power today will not willingly give up on it. On this point, we need the emergence of a new African political youth to change the continent.

Die desillusionierte afrikanische Jugend muss verstehen, dass sie sich weit weg von der Politik der sozialen Medien und Netzwerke stärker in die Politik einbringen muss. In diesem Punkt brauchen wir die Entstehung einer neuen afrikanischen politischen Jugend, um den Kontinent zu verändern.

Recently I was reading in an economics magazine a study on the correlation between happiness and economic development. In fact, the study in the article consisted in discovering what makes people happy in the countries of the world. Each year African countries are listed last for the most unhappiest countries in the world despite all their wealth. The study concludes that happiness stems from the implications of countries' economic policies. As a logical conclusion, immigration is rooted in the bad economic policy that drives African youth to seek happiness elsewhere.

On the way to the Promised Land

Not a single day where in the press or on TV despairing images of young Africans landing on the Mediterranean coast do not pass in loops on the western chains. They are young, mostly without proper training who are fleeing high unemployment, lack of prospects for their own country. More and more young Africans from various horizons are attracted to Europe and Germany in particular. Finally, they will find there they think happiness by reaching the Promised Land. However they are not welcome if they ever manage to reach it. For during this time, anti-immigrant sentiments are growing in Western societies.

In Africa itself, during this time, one prefers to show images to the glory of strong men, clinging to power and thinking more of their own privileges and advantages, and not very concerned about the lives of their fellow citizens who are dying off the western coast. The paradox is that in recent years a new narrative, a new speech this time much more positive on Africa takes place in the West. Only Africans themselves give the impression of not being aware of it.

Immigration is not a new phenomenon. Only the approaches diverge.

The many refugees who come to Europe and especially to Germany since the summer of 2015 represent a challenge and an opportunity for the German economy and society. Since the last legislative elections, the option of qualified immigration has become clearer.

This is reminiscent of the boom of migrant workers of the sixties: at the time, the economic miracle had literally swept the labor market in Germany. Industry and agriculture to fill the gap were dependent on the government, barriers to employment for foreigners were lifted with the opening of the labor market. As early as 1955, a recruitment agreement was signed with Italy, followed a few years later by corresponding contracts with Spain, Greece, Turkey, Morocco, Portugal, Tunisia and Yugoslavia. So it was in 1955.

Today, although humanitarian aid is at the forefront, the economic effects, for example on the labor market and public finances, will play an important role in the years to come. However, the challenges are no longer the same as at the time in the primary sector such as agriculture or even secondary sector. The desired qualities are rather in high technology and digitization. Africa has not adapted its youth to these challenges, so it is difficult for its children to get recognized. Investing in education and youth should be a priority.

Africa is not a "lost continent: the need for a real economic policy in Africa

The African continent is one of the fastest growing economic regions in the world. There is reason to be optimistic if the leaders could adopt an economic policy that corresponds to the reality of the countries. Some countries like Rwanda are doing rather well thanks to the courageous reforms of the current government. However, the evolution varies considerably from one country to another. Politics is above all a matter of pragmatism, far from political talks. It is towards the future of this African youth that we must look to the prevention of the wave of hazardous immigration as we see today against the backdrop of lack of employment. It is high time to get out of politics to focus on a real economic policy by setting clear economic goals, precise objectives for regular and appropriate growth, a high employment rate, price stability and a balanced foreign trade. The example of a country like Togo with a debt ratio of more than 80% of GDP  should give thought to the leaders of this country and the legacy they want to leave to the next generation.

The urgency of the emergence of a new and more dynamic political youth in Africa

Often people ask me if being in politics in Germany has changed something in my life. I respond naturally by the affirmative and I mean it. If I did not believe in the values that I defend, I will not be committed to it.

Today in many Western countries the interest in politics has dropped considerably. Just to see the voters rate on election day. The fact of not being seating aside to criticize but to raise one's voice to be heard makes for me a whole difference. True politics (far from corruption) is after all a matter of sacrifice: sacrifice of one's time, one's energy, one's pleasures, yes also one's financial means. We are carried by an ideal and great men like Mandela, Barack (just to mention both)  are our references. The disillusioned African youth must understand that from now on, far from the politics of social media and networks, they must become much more actively involved in politics because in the end those who hold power today will not willingly give up on it. On this point, we need the emergence of a new African political youth to change the continent.

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